Theories of humor wikipedia the fundamental source of comic is the presence of inflexibility and rigidness in life. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading the routledge handbook of language and humor routledge handbooks in linguistics. Abstractan application of the general theory of verbal humour gtvh to the theory of humour translation is presented. Twlt20 the april fools day workshop on computation. Prices in gbp apply to orders placed in great britain only. The book includes a number of case studies, among them oscar wildes lord. Loukia katopodi marked it as toread aug 04, see the talk page for details. The most widely adopted one, the semanticscript theory of humor, was presented by. Later that year he received a phd in english from purdue university, with a specialization in linguistics and a dissertation on the linguistics of humor, which was published in 1994 as his first book, linguistic theories of humor. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Whether youve loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. Humor in american sign language swarthmore college. Much of the groundwork for contemporary linguistic theories of humour was laid by. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets.
Structuralist, semiotic, sociolinguistic, and scriptbased theories. The theory claims that humor depends upon a sense of violation of a moral principle that, at the same time, is regarded as benign, nonthreatening, and consequently acceptable. Elements of context are in play as reception factors prior to the encounter with comedic information. The developments of the theory of humor competence and, more recently, of work on humor performance are seen as lying at the opposite ends of a continuum, with various approaches positioning themselves along that axis. Victor raskinmahadev apte, moutonde gruyter, be rlinn. Linguistic humor research initially focused on puns, which are obviously a linguistic problem. Linguistic theories of humor, humor research 1, editors. Pdf on jan 1, 1998, helga kotthoff and others published salvatore attardo 1994. The superiority theory is the theory that the humor we find. In the renaissance epoch, laughter became an expression of the new, free, critical. Theory of verbal humor gtvh by attardo and raskin 1991 and. By victor raskin and salvatore attardo in the article script theory revisited. This article discusses the basic theories of humor and the application of some linguistic.
Linguistic theories of humor, journal of pragmatics 10. Cultural conceptualisations in humorous discourse in. Humor theories free download as powerpoint presentation. First of all, a distinction is drawn between jokes and conversational humour, an umbrella term covering a variety of semantic and pragmatic types of humour, which recur in interpersonal communication, whether. The current prevailing linguistic view of humor is a model known as the general theory of verbal humor gtvh. Pdf humor is some linguistic perspectives researchgate. However, the three researchers argue that humor is fundamentally important because it is the very mechanism that allows the human brain to excel at practical problem solving. Various theories of the prosody of humor predicted that speakers would mark humor with high pitch and volume, extensive pauses. Humour and linguistic theories is a conditional name for the theories i aim to introduce here. Use and nonuse of humor in academic esl classrooms ali ziyaeemehr corresponding author. Prices in represent the retail prices valid in germany unless otherwise indicated. There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what. Attardo 1993 notes that all of grices maxims, and even more than one maxim at a time, can be violated to lead to a joke. They propose the theory that humor evolved because it strengthens the ability of the brain to find mistakes in active belief structures, that is, to detect mistaken reasoning.
Attardo 1994 presents an overview of the linguistic theories of humor classifying them into. Chapter four deals with the textlinguistic and semiotic. So this english professor comes into class and starts talking about the textual organization of jokes, the taxonomy of puns, the relations between the linguistic form and the content of humorous texts, and other past and current topics in languagebased research into humor. An extension to the semantic script theory of humor. Attardo and raskin have done a lot of work on semantic aspects of verbal humour. A social history explores the concept of humor in history and modern society in the united states and internationally. The theory is informed by current research in psycholinguistics and cognitive science. Buy linguistic theories of humor humor research hr by attardo, salvatore isbn. Prior theories of humor have been unable to establish clear criteria for what is or can be funny. For example, one could violate the maxim of quantity attardo, 1993, p. A general theory of humor, benign violation theory, was recently proposed by a.
There are many proposals for humor theories, and it may be difficult for a. L inguistic t heories of h umor, humor research 1, editors. Pdf free download humour theory formula of laughter pdf. Humor is, for example, steeped in and shaped by culture. Humour theorists like attardo are predominantly interested in what. As much as humour has become a widely explored topic, it seems that the cultural dimensions of it have not yet received enough attention.
The perception and resolution of an apparent incongruity is what results in humor. There are many theories of humor which attempt to explain what humor is, what social functions. Triezenberg2 georgia southern university1 department of writing and linguistics. Contemporary linguistic theories of humour folklore.
So this english professor comes into class and starts talking about the textual organization o. Recently, the research on humor markers has been broadened to multimodality and particularly prosody. And inventiveness is as attractive behavioral characteristics for the transfer of. It is argued that a theory encompassing both competence and performance is necessary for the study of humor. Pdf linguistic theories of humor wladyslaw chlopicki. The routledge handbook of language and humor routledge. Pdf humor is something that invites laugh and it has become the heart of research in. Linguistic theories of humor find, read and cite all the research you need. He studied at purdue university under victor raskin and extended raskins scriptbased semantic theory of humor. After a brief introduction to a dominant class of linguistic theories of humor, it focuses on the ontological semantic theory of humor, where the relationship is made obvious and reaches the. A fustral i ni eo l acad m c c, a lia linguistic features.
Computational humor with ontological semantics christian f. Linguistic theories of humor approaches to semiotics salvatore attardo on free shipping on qualifying offers. See above, it is the first theory to identify its approach as exclusively linguistic. The corpus of the study, which was selected using a theoretical framework offered by attardo linguistic theories of humor. The aim of the handbook is to overview major theories and concepts. The main objective of this article is to list and briefly characterise several semantic and pragmatic types of verbal humour, primarily those which cannot be reduced to canned jokes. Linguistic theories of humor humor research hr book 1 and millions of other books are available for amazon kindle. The routledge handbook of language and humor routledge handbooks in linguistics kindle edition by salvatore attardo. This works scope encompasses the humor of children, adults, and even nonhuman primates throughout the ages, from crude jokes and simple slapstick to sophisticated word play and ironic parody and satire. Raskin 1985 and the general theory of verbal humor gtvh. Raskins monograph begins with introductory parts concerning the essence of humour, components of the socalled humour act, basic concepts and terms used in humour research, the kinds of laughter and problems of categorizing humour itself and humour theories, etc. Humor is a wellstudied area psychology linguistics literary. Pragmatic theories have attempted to account for humor.1368 522 306 1475 947 1528 1504 1290 537 581 16 349 581 899 1131 602 1124 1150 384 1436 1423 1510 194 913 501 747 982 738 812 1411 1124 797 967 541 466 519 572