Contrastive rhetoric is the study of how a persons first language and his or her culture influence writing in a second language or how a common language is used among different cultures. A basis for making selections, a format for contrasts, and a means of relating contrast and prediction is suggested. It provides a descriptive analysis and a contrastive study of consonants and vowels of these languages, expatiating on. Norwegian students cope with english vocabulary, international journal of applied. Contrastive analysis became associated with behaviorist psychology, which was another separate influence on language teaching, particularly on audiolingual language teaching, and especially in the united states. Implication of contrastiveanalysis in english languageteaching analysis means the comparison of contrastive two languages by paying attention to differences and similarities between languages being compared. However, the main emphasis of each study should be on the comparison of languages. May 30, 2018 contrastive pca is a tool for unsupervised learning, which efficiently reduces dimensionality to enable visualization and exploratory data analysis. Here, the purpose was to evaluate one specific approach pertaining to the findings of contrastive analysis referred to as contrastive instruction. Further research could be done in the areas of the value of contrastive analysis between english and an indoeuropean language other than spanish, of the value of such analysis compared to another methodology and the reasons for the variations between the scores of rhythm and terminal juncture. A contrastive analysis must proceed through four steps.
The aim of this study is finding the differences and similarities between indonesian and english reported speech patterns. A contrastive analysis of imperative sentences between english and javanese language a graduating paper submitted to the. Mar 08, 2014 a contrastive analysis of research article. Due to the need for a psychological component in the analysis, the notion of transfer is discussed. Jawad english departmentcollege of basiceducation,diyala university, iraq. Based on the principles of critical discourse analysis this contrastive study sought to investigate the effect of culture on the journalistic style and the strategies used to report news in the. International journal of humanities social sciences and. A contrastive analysis of the american and persian newspaper editorials. Plan objectives by the end of this presentation trainee teachers are required to.
The strong and weak forms are rejected in favor of a more moderate version which predicts the results of. Asem shehadeh ali department of arabic language and literature kulliyyah of islamic revealed knowledge and human sciences. As recently as 1967 politzer affirmed perhaps the least questioned and least questionable application of linguistics is the contribution of contrastive analysis. Pdf although contrastive analysis has often been questioned for its inadequacy to. January 20 21 the verbal system of malay and arabic. Out of context translation of arabic adjectives into english in. The term was first coined by the american applied linguist robert kaplan in 1966 to denote eclecticism and subsequent growth of collective knowledge in certain languages. This is a brief overview of contrastive analysis for the reader to understand the main points. A pragmatic analysis of polite forms in english and arabic a. In other words, it is the systematic study of a pair of languages with a view to identifying. Role of applied linguistics in the teaching of english in. In this study, the researcher conducted research about contrastive analysis between indonesian and english reported speech. A multilevel contrastive analysis of promotional strategies.
Title a contrastive analysis on the application of definite. A contrastive analysis of persian and english vowels and. The role of contrastive analysis in translation study. In this paper the claim will be made that the strong version is quite unrealistic and impracticable, even though it is the one on which those who write contrastive analyses usually claim to base their work. Journal of advances in humanities and social sciences jahss. The study presents a contrastive analysis of two distinct sound systems, namely, those of persian and english. Uses of error analysis and contrastive analysis 1 elt. This multilevel analysis is necessary because knowing how to perform a genre involves knowing both its schematic structure, or staging, on the one hand, and the specific formfunction correlation of each stage, on the other. Actually the contrastive analysis hypothesis may be stated in two versions, a strong version and a weak version. Contrastive linguistics, since its inception by robert lado in the 1950s, has often been linked to aspects of applied linguistics, e.
Journal of panpacific association of applied linguistics, 172, 122. Contrastive rhetoric is an area of research in secondlanguage acquisition that identifies problems in composition encountered by secondlanguage writers and, by referring to the rhetorical strategies of the first language, attempts to explain them connor 1996. View contrastive analysis research papers on academia. Exploring patterns enriched in a dataset with contrastive. At the end are guiding questions for the educator to contemplate instruction and contrastive analysis. Historical dialogue analysis can be seen as a special case of contrastive analysis, that is to say as the title of this chapter suggests as contrastive analysis across time.
Articles in the story texts in persian and english languages. Contrastive analysis before discussing about the different hypothesis of contrastive analysis we should be familiar with the concept of difficulty and simplicity. And even if the answer to that question is a more or less hesitant affirmative, then one may well question the value to teachers and curriculum workers. This article is based on the intermediate view that contrastive linguistics invariably requires a. According to the behaviourist theories prevailing at the time, language learning was a question of habit formation, and this could be. Pdf journal thesis of contrastive analysis tira nur fitria. The contrastive phonological analysis of swahilienglish presented in this paper is based on the standard interterritorial swahili of east africa. A contrastive analysis on the application of definite and indefinite.
It furthers the universitys objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Most analyses are weakened by insufficient care at one or more of these steps, each of which is beset with problems. Contrastive analysis ca is the systematic comparison of two or more. Contrastive pragmatics a crossdisciplinary journal publishes cuttingedge contrastive research of pragmatic scope. International journal of business and social science vol. Contrastive analysis ca or contrastive linguistics is considered as a. The journal welcomes contributions that compare the use of language forms, realisation of speech acts, forms of interactional behaviour, evaluative tendencies both across and historically within linguacultures. Contrastive analysis was used extensively in the field of second language acquisition sla in the 1960s and early 1970s, as a method of explaining why some features of a target language were more difficult to acquire than others. Contrastive analysis and native language identification acl. The uses of error analysis and contrastive analysis 1, elt journal, volume xxix, issue 3, 1 april 1975, pages 246253. Contrastive analysis, error analysis, interlanguage 1. Converging the curriculum designers intentions into a foreign language classroom.
Acomparisonoftheenglishandtagalogsoundsystems 3between these two languages. On the use of corpora in contrastive studies benjamins 2007. Full text of contrastive analysis and error analysis a. Readers are encouraged to study more indepth to gain a full appreciation of this hypothesis. Contrastive analysis hypotheses cah strong version the change that has to take place in the language behavior of a foreign language student can be equated to the differences between the structure of the students native language and culture and that of. Languages in contrast provides a home for contrastive linguistics. International journal of humanities social sciences and education ijhsse a contrastive study of quantifiers in english and arabic.
Pdf journal thesis of contrastive analysis tira nur. According to the contrastive analysis hypothesis formulated by. A contrastive analysis language teaching practice often assumes that most of the difficulties that learners face in the study of english are a consequence of the degree to which their native language differs from english a contrastive analysis approach. In the remainder of this discussion, i will conduct a contrastive analysis in which i compare the languages respective consonant and vowel systems, as well as a brief exploration of some phonotactic constraints. Noncontrastive approach to error analysis1 elt journal. Contrastive analysis is viewed as an interlinguistic, bidirectional phenomenon which is concerned with both the form and function of language. The use of contrastive analysis in distinguishing difference. Especially in the teaching of languages for which no considerable and 111. Avoidance of phrasal verbsa case for contrastive analysis. International journal of academic research in business and social sciences. English and arabic a contrastive study a pragmatic analysis of polite forms in english and arabic a contrastive study dr. The objective of study is mainly to distinguish the problems of translation for efl learners and translators as well. Document resume the contrastive analysis hypothesis.
In general, either discourse or text level, some aspects to be compared are in accordance with its similarities and differences in terms of. Contrastive analysis before discussing about the different hypothesis of contrastive analysis we should be familiar with the concept of difficulty and simplicity in language study, so we look at the hierarchy degrees of. The advantage of exploiting contrastive analysis in teaching and learning a f oreign language. Be aware of some differences between arabic and english 4. Contrastive meaning in the cambridge english dictionary. Oxford university press is a department of the university of oxford. The definition ca is sla approach that compares features of l1 and l2 in order to determine the similarities and differences of l1 to l2 3. Languages in contrast welcomes interdisciplinary studies, such as those that make links between contrastive linguistics and. As such, contrastive analysis must view language psycholinguistically and sociolinguistically as a system to be both described and acquired.
Contrastive analysis and learner language 2 preface the present text has grown out of several years work on the englishnorwegian parallel corpus enpc, as presented in my recent monograph seeing through multilingual corpora. Recently published articles can be found under the advanced articles link available in the contents tab. Indonesian and english have many differences in sentence structure. The contrastive analysis and translation studies between. The subject matter of contrastive linguistics narrowly defined, contrastive linguistics can be regarded as a branch of comparative. A contrastive analysis of the american and persian newspaper. Contrastive analysis benefits students because it frames standard english as an addition to rather than a replacement of a students home language.
Ca is the study and comparison of two languages, learners target language tl and learners native language nl. Contrastive analysis of cases of noun phrases in english and persian within the framework of fillmores case theory. Also, of all linguistic disciplines, contrastive analysis, or contrastive linguistics. A bibliography of swedish contrastive linguistics and error. A contrastive analysis based on a comparable corpus was conducted at two levels. The role of contrastive analysis in translation study international journal on studies in english language and literature ijsell page 31. It is the systematic comparison of two or more languages, with the aim of describing their similarities.
Contrastive pragmatics features onlinefirst publication. She also noted the close interrelation between such avoidance phenomena and the contrastive analysis approach to l2 teaching and learning. Contrastive analysis helps a textbook writer avoid using the material with a high degree of difficulty and high degree of occurrence in a same text which makes the text more difficult the writer should balance among the most difficult items and the least difficult items throughout the text. Journal of applied linguistics and language research. The objects of investigation are not two different languages, but two or more different stages in the development of the same language. The implications of three versions of the contrastive analysis hypothesis cah are explored. In these case studies, there was good agreement between the results of contrastive analysis and the results of more wellestablished comparison metrics, suggesting that contrastive analysis can yield valid profiles that aid in distinguishing difference from disorder in children who speak a nonstandard dialect. International journal of education and research vol. Any aspect of language may be covered, including vocabulary, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, text and discourse, stylistics, sociolinguistics and psycholinguistics. It provides a descriptive analysis and a contrastive study of consonants and vowels of these languages, expatiating on the similar and dissimilar features of the two sound systems.
July 20volume 7 issue 1 july 20 home pdf version titlea comparison of the female identities in chinese and english advertisements caroline hwang. How to be productive at home from a remote work veteran. This linguistic contrastive analysis study aims to vet and spell out the probable. Contrastive analysis benefits students because it frames standard english as an addition to rather than a replacement. Graduate thesis or dissertation contrastive analysis in. International journal of academic research in business and social sciences february 20, vol. A bibliography of swedish contrastive linguistics and. It is intended to be a practical study and analysis of help to englishspeaking students who are learning and studying swahili. Contrastive analysis a presentation by lulud, nicko, and novian 2. Use the pedagogical implications of contrastive analysis in class.
Implication of contrastive analysis in english language. Title a contrastive analysis on the application of. Languages in contrast publishes contrastive studies of two or more languages. Implication of contrastive analysis in english language teaching 1. Do gladys ameze ikhimwin abstract every community employs language for the purpose of communication.61 1289 57 699 1343 308 1108 117 239 1355 512 424 416 1102 197 1333 938 260 612 489 299 299 1189 770 1300 160 385